Typ09 Mexico City

Speaker details

Andreu  Balius

type designer TypeRepublic | Spain

Andreu Balius is a graphic and (type) designer based in Barcelona. He runs his own studio Typerepublic. Andreu combines his work at the studio with teaching graphic design and typography. He is presently an associate professor at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona. Apart from his type affairs, he also loves riding on his mountain bike.

Presentation details

Ñ: A sign to convey a sound

Session 2 | Room MIDE
Tuesday 27 October | 11:00 – 11:20

Duration: 20 minutes

The alphabet used by the Romans –Latin– had twenty-one letters and it was enough for all the phonemes needed to articulate it. But as its descendants developed, they gave birth to new phonemes, new sounds that evolved out of spoken Latin, and they presented problems of spelling. Scribes had to find new ways of representing new sounds. This lecture describes in detail the development and use of one of these sounds, the ntilde character, which became a symbol of literature and culture for all the spanish-speaking countries in the world. The “ñ” is the uncontested representative of the spanish language, currently spoken by over 400 million people around the globe and the most studied romance tongue in the world.

The punches from the Spanish Royal Printing House

Session 14 | Room MIDE
Wednesday 28 October | 11:05 – 11:25

Duration: 20 minutes

The aim of this work is to show and put into context the typographic materials, currently kept in Barcelona, which used to belong to the Spanish Royal Printing Press typefoundry, together with the study tasks that are being done on them. This remarkably rich collection is made up of a thousand punches, most of them cut by Jerónimo Gil for the Royal Library typefoundry during the second half of the eighteenth century, and of others that were either made by foreign punchcutters or at the Royal Printing Press Engraving and Punchcutting School. A large number of sets of matrices have also been kept, among which it is worth mentioning the ones belonging to the Italian typographer Giambattista Bodoni and those of the Frenchmen Didot and Molé.

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